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agree that the real intention of the treaty was to compel Chile to modify its borders according to the geopolitical interests of Argentina, Peru and Bolivia as Chile was militarily weak, that is, before the arrival of the Chilean ironclads Cochrane and Blanco Encalada.

Chile was not informed about the pact, but learned of it first cursorily through a leak in the Argentine Congress in September 1873, when Argentina's senate discussed the invitation to join the Peru-Bolivia alliance.

They are used as fertilizer with also other important uses. In the 1840s, Europeans knew the guano and nitrate's value as fertilizer and saltpeter's role in explosives. Bolivia, Chile, and Peru were located in the area of the largest reserves of a resource the world demanded.

During the Chincha Islands War (1864–1866), Spain, under Queen Isabella II, attempted to exploit an incident involving Spanish citizens in Peru to re-establish Spanish influence over the guano-rich Chincha Islands.

Chilean and foreign enterprises in the region eventually extended their control to the Peruvian saltpeter works.The bipartite tax collecting caused discontent, and the treaty lasted only 8 years.Its last clause kept it secret as long as both parties considered its publication unnecessary; it was revealed in 1879.Argentina, involved in a long-standing dispute with Chile over the Strait of Magellan and Patagonia, was secretly invited to join the pact, and in September 1873 the Argentine Chamber of Deputies approved the treaty and ,000,000 for war preparations Eventually Argentina and Bolivia did not agree about the territories of Tarija and Chaco, and the former feared a Chile-Brazil axis.The Argentine Senate postponed and later rejected the approval, but in 18, after border disputes with Chile flared up anew, Argentina sought to join the treaty.

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